If your cat requires surgery, for whatever reason, there are many steps you can take help your cat get through this difficult time of his life. There are three primary classifications of surgical treatments. Elective surgeries, the first type, are not life threatening. Neutering and spaying fall into this classification. Next are non-elective, and these are surgical treatments which need to be done for your cat’s survival, but you have time to research the procedure and have time to find the best vet who specializes in and has great results with the surgery. Lastly, there are emergency surgical treatments, that most be done quickly, such as a broken bone or similar injury. If your cat requires non emergency surgical treatment, there are steps that you can take to prepare correctly, and when your cat has had the surgery and is recovering, you can do things to make his recuperation much easier.
When your cat is going to have surgical treatment, make sure not to feed him, unless your veterinarian says otherwise. Anesthetics can cause a cat to vomit, and this can be life threatening during surgery as the poor cat may choke on it. Like a person, your cat will have less issues if he has not eaten for the specified time period before surgery. So no food for about 12 hours prior to the surgical treatment. Most of the time, your cat may have access to water before the procedure. If you own other pets, you should confine your cat to a room away from the other animals so that he or she does not eat the other pets food, or to be really safe, withhold food from all of your animals.
After the surgery, it may take a day or even longer for your cat to be fully awake and functioning. You should watch him closely during his recuperation, and may have to care for a majority of his needs. This has the added benefit of helping your cat recover from the mental shock of the surgery.
Follow all your vets instructions completely after you bring your cat home. Your cat might require multiple medications several times a day or a special diet. He might have to stay inside for time, this is not a problem for an indoor cat but it might be a trial if your cat is used to being outside. This will typically be necessary for about two weeks. If your cat’s fur has been clipped or shaved, remember that he or she may be subject to feeling the cold, so additional blankets warmed in the dryer or a hot water bottle covered in a towel may be required. Keep in mind that during this period, you should not neglect any other pets you may have in the house. They will not understand why they are being ignored and may react badly.
I hope these few ideas help you in the case that your cat requires surgery. It will be a difficult time for you, the owner, but will really be worse for your poor pet cat.